UK politicians Boris Johnson (Conservative) and Nigel Farage (UKIP) have both just called for the UK to assume an immigration system comparable to Australia’s. Though thesedeclarations are not completelycorrect. In truth the UK has had a points system for approximately six years.
The UK visa program was revamped in 2008 by the preceding Labour government. The UK then finished up with a points system similar in some aspects to the Australian points system. This supplanted the previous UK visa system which had in excess of 80 various visa options.
Long term UK visas based on business, investment, occupation and abilities are now generally divided into four different levels.
Tier 1 visa- ‘high value migrants’ from outside the EEA, including entrepreneurs, shareholders and the very minoramount of those who come under the Tier 1 – ‘exceptional talent’ permit.
Tier 2 visa – ‘skilled workers’ from outside the EEA with a job offer in the UK, from aboss with a Tier 2 sponsorship licence. This includes, intra-company handovers, skilled employees with difficult to find skills, skilled workers in the job shortage list, sportspersons, and religious ministers.
Tier 4 visa – Students aged 16 or over from outside the EEA who have a place to study at a UK university or college, or Tier 4 (child) visas for children who have a place to study in the UK, and have parental authorisation.
Tier 5 visa – Provisional workers in the creative, charity, sporting or religious fields. Similarlycomprises of those on the youth mobility scheme.
The reason Tier 3 is absent is because it was intentional for unskilled migrants from outside the EU. However the government determined that this group of migrants were not needed, and so decided not to issue visas under the Tier 3 visa arrangement. The Government felt that there were adequate EU and EEA migrants in the UK to fill unskilled positions.
The pointsscheme is different for each tier, with individualsreceiving points based on different principles. For example for Tier 1 visas, a candidate would earn points founded on various criteria such as:
- English linguistic skills
- Age and experience
This only applies to the very skilled Tier-1 General visa category; Tier 1 (General) is unavailable to most people. Personspresently on a Tier 1 General visa can continue to apply for extensions until April 2015.
For Tier 2 visas, the candidate must be granted a total of at least 70 points, and have anexplicit job proposal from a UK company with a Tier 2 sponsorship certificate. Numerousindividuals come to the UK on Tier 2 visas in IT linkedprofessions. Tier 2 visas are also supplied for a variety of diverse highly skilled careers.
These points-based visas are only appropriate to migrants from outside the EU. Migrants from inside the EU are entitled to come into Britain under the freedom of movement rules.
WM Immigration provide bespoke UK Visa and Immigration services for those in Northern Ireland and the UK. We provide advice services for Indefinite Leave to Remain – ILR, British Citizenship Applications and spouse or fiancé visa applications. UK Visa Services offered by WM Immigration include assistance with UK Immigration or EEA national applications. Visa assistance navigating the strict Home Office Visa requirements. Learn how to qualify with our free eligibility assessment.